English Motto: Honesty and justice
Still commonly known as the Kingdom of Fife within Scotland it is a lieutenancy area, and was a county of Scotland until 1975. It was occasionally known as Fifeshire in old documents and maps. A person from Fife is known as a Fifer. The historic town of St Andrews is located on the east coast of Fife. It is well known for one of the most ancient universities in Europe, and as the home of golf.
Legend has it that upon the death of Cruithne, the Pictish realm – known collectively as "Pictavia" – was divided into seven sub-kingdoms or provinces, one of which became Fife. The name is recorded as “Fib” in A.D. 1150 and “Fif” in 1165. King James VI of Scotland described Fife as a "beggar's mantle fringed with gold", the golden fringe being the coast and its chain of little ports with their thriving fishing fleets and rich trading links with the Low Countries.
Later development took place on farming on some of Scotland's richest soil and the minerals, notably coal, underneath. Wool, linen, coal and salt were all traded. Salt pans heated by local coal were a feature of the Fife coast.
In 1598 King James VI employed a group of 12 men from Fife, who became known as the ‘Fife adventurers’, to colonise the Isle of Lewis in an attempt to begin the civilisation of the region. This endeavour lasted until 1609 when the colonists, having been opposed by the native population, were bought out by Coinneach, the clan chief of the MacKenzies.
Fife had much heavy industry in the following centuries with the growth of the coalfields. Shipbuilding was famous at Methil and Rosyth. The world centre for linoleum production was in Kirkcaldy. Flax grown in Fife was transformed into linen locally. This tartan was created (C.1898) as a trade pattern to commemorate the wedding of The Duke of Fife to King Edwards VII’s daughter. In recent time it has been adopted as one of the Fife District tartans.
Choose from one of the Fife Tartans listed below
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