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MacDonald Tartan

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Crest: On a crest coronet Or, a hand in armour fessways couped at the elbow Proper holding a cross crosslet fitchée Gules.
Motto: Per mare per terras (By sea and land)
Badge: common heath (Scots heather)
 
The MacDonald was the most powerful of the Highland clans and held extensive lands.They originate from Norse stock. It was thought they had come from Ireland but DNA evidence suggest otherwise.

 

The name is Gaelic, MacDhomhnuill, meaning son of 'world ruler'. The progenitor of the clan was Somerled and from his descendents came six branches, Kepppoch, Glengarry, Clanranald, Sleat , Ardnamurchan and Glencoe. They were recognised as separate clans under an High Chief "Lord of the Isles". The clan was divided over the stuggles of Robert the Bruce. The chief, Alexander, opposed Bruce. His brother Angus Og along with a large nimber of the clan fought alongside Bruce at Bannockburn. After the death of Bruce, the clan withdrew their support but were afterwards reconciled to David II.
 
In the fifteenth cnetury the title of the Earl of Ross was acquired with much inter clan fighting (MacKenzies, MacLeods, MacCleans, MacKays, clan Sunderlands and Murrays).
 
In 1495 James IV took away the title" Lord of the Isles". Throghout the sixteenth and seventeenth century inter clan warefare continued. In the 1715 and 1745 rebellions there were MacDonalds fighting on both sides.
 

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